Original Research

Validating a measurement scale for entrepreneurial actions for sustainable corporate entrepreneurship using confirmatory factor analysis

Charles M. Mungule, Jurie J. Van Vuuren
Acta Commercii | Vol 16, No 1 | a397 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ac.v16i1.397 | © 2016 Charles M. Mungule, Jurie J. Van Vuuren | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 21 April 2016 | Published: 10 November 2016

About the author(s)

Charles M. Mungule, Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Jurie J. Van Vuuren, Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa


Orientation: Sustainable corporate entrepreneurship, which is achieved through entrepreneurial actions, has become a useful strategy for enhancing organisational performance. However, there seems to be no psychometrically sound and valid measurement instrument for such entrepreneurial actions.
Research purpose: The study aimed at addressing this issue by proposing and empirically assessing a measurement instrument for entrepreneurial actions to determine its validity and psychometric attributes.
Motivation for the study: Since entrepreneurial actions have been identified as an essential vehicle for translating management’s entrepreneurial intentions into meaningful organisational achievements, a measurement instrument for entrepreneurial actions with acceptable psychometric attributes would greatly benefit the field of sustainable corporate entrepreneurship.
Research design, approach and method: The study used data from Zambia with a sample of 646 managers from organisations in eight different economic sectors. Zambia was chosen for the study because such a study was never undertaken in the country thereby making a valuable contribution to the country’s body of entrepreneurship knowledge. Data analysis and measurement were mainly conducted using Confirmatory Factor Analysis.
Main findings: The study findings indicated that the postulated four-item measurement instrument was relatively stable and psychometrically sound with acceptable content and construct validity.
Practical/managerial implications: The study findings amplified the role of managers in instigating entrepreneurship within established organisations through their entrepreneurial actions for the purposes of ensuring achievement of sustainable corporate entrepreneurship and sustained performance.
Contribution/value-add: The findings of this study contributed immensely to the literature on sustainable corporate entrepreneurship useful for research and teaching.


confirmatory factor analysis; entrepreneurial actions; measurement instrument validation; sustainable corporate entrepreneurship


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