Original Research

An exploration into the role of personality on the experiences of work–family conflict among the mining industry personnel in South Africa

Vongai S. Ruzungunde, Themba Mjoli
Acta Commercii | Vol 20, No 1 | a774 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ac.v20i1.774 | © 2020 Vongai S. Ruzungunde, Themba Mjoli | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 01 March 2019 | Published: 30 April 2020

About the author(s)

Vongai S. Ruzungunde, Department of Industrial Psychology, Faculty of Management and Commerce, University of Fort Hare, Alice, South Africa
Themba Mjoli, Department of Industrial Psychology, Faculty of Management and Commerce, University of Fort Hare, Alice, South Africa


Orientation: Workers within the mining industry are often exposed to hazardous and strenuous working conditions that arise from the nature of their job and these demands from work tend to conflict with family demands resulting in work–family conflict (WFC). However, individuals possess different personality traits and these are assumed to play a role in the extent of the experiences of WFC.

Research purpose: The study had an objective of investigating the role of personality in the experiences of WFC among employees in the mining industry.

Motivation for the study: By understanding personality traits and their varied influences in the experiences of WFC in different individuals, steps can be taken to address WFC in a manner that meets every employee’s demands instead of adopting a holistic approach.

Research design, approach and method: The quantitative discipline was adopted with the use of structured questionnaires. The study consisted of 270 respondents. Probability sampling was used to select respondents from the population. The program SPSS was used to apply linear regression analysis to examine the association between variables.

Main findings: The findings of the study showed that a negative relationship exists between personality traits and the various forms of WFC as well WFC holistically. The results also showed significant negative correlations with the different forms of WFC, with the exception of the agreeableness trait, and that personality traits combined had greater influence on the experiences of WFC than each distinctly.

Practical/managerial implications: The findings of the study assist in the implementation of procedures and policies that will help in reducing WFC and its consequences in the work environment.

Contribution/value-add: The findings confirm that personality traits influence the experiences of WFC among individuals and the study also contributes towards adding to existing knowledge and insights concerning WFC.


work–family conflict; big five personality traits; agreeableness; conscientiousness; openness to experience; neuroticism; extraversion; mine employees


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